History is something that illuminates the culture and its origin. It also forecasts the awareness and how and when everything evolved and fell into pl
History is something that illuminates the culture and its origin. It also forecasts the awareness and how and when everything evolved and fell into place. It not only helps us trace the origins of the past but also helps us understand it better which leads to an understanding of the present more desirably. We, at Brag Social, try to keep you updated with the happening of past and present through our today column. Let us now read the historical milestones of September 5.
1664 – New Amsterdam surrendered to the British, becomes New York.
New Amsterdam was formerly the capital of New Netherlands. New Amsterdam was surrendered by Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant to an English naval squadron under Colonel Richard Nicolls. As Stuyvesant was an unpopular ruler along with the rally around him refusing his Dutch subjects, he decided to give up New Amsterdam after days of negotiation in a Dutch Settlement. In honour of the Duke of York, who organized the mission, New Amsterdam’s name was changed to New York following its capture.
1859 – Harriot E. Wilson’s Our Nig, is published.
Our Nig was the first novel on the North American Continent written by African-American novelist Harriot E. Wilson published in the US. In 1859 the novel was published anonymously in Boston, Massachusetts, and was not widely known. The book has a significant impact on American Literature as it was rediscovered after 120 years by Henry Louis Gates Jr. in the 1980s. It enlightened on the sufferings, the pain and the racism that was faced in the 19th century. The book emphasized the opinion that although blacks were free in the North, they were being mistreated just the same as in the South, which was pro-slavery.
1910 – Marie Curie demonstrates the transformation of radium ore to metal
The discovery of Polonium and Radium was a combined effort of Marie and Pierre Curie. On December 26, 1898, the Curies informed the Academy of Sciences in France, that they had demonstrated strong grounds for having come upon an additional very active substance that behaved chemically almost like pure barium and suggested the name of radium for the new element. Thus, Marie Curie became the first woman to be accorded this mark of honour on her own merit by demonstrating the transformation of radium ore into metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
1944 – Germany launches its first V-2 missile at Paris, France.
The world’s first large-scale liquid-propellant rocket vehicle and the first long-range ballistic missile was the German V-2 missile. The rocket was launched in Paris, France and was formerly called as the A-4 (Aggregat 4) by the German Army Ordnance. The Nazi Propaganda Ministry publicly announced V-2, or Vergeltungswaffe Zwei (“Vengeance Weapon Two”) launch in November 1944, two months after the first deployment as a weapon. The missile had a maximum range of about 320 km (200 miles) and a one-ton warhead when launched from mobile platforms.
1977 – Voyager 1 space probe launched
NASA launched Voyager 1 which was a space probe on September 5, 1977. The main purpose of the Voyager program was to study the outer Solar System and discover the planets. Voyager 1 was a twin to Voyager 2 and was launched 16 days after its twin. On August 25, 2012, Voyager 1 became the first spacecraft to cross the heliopause and enter the interstellar space and marked a spot in the spacecraft history.
1774 – First Continental Congress Meet held
After the British Navy instituted a blockade of Boston Harbor with the Parliament passing the punitive Intolerable Acts in response to the December 1773 Boston Tea Party, the First Continental Congress meeting was held from September 5 to October 26, 1774, at the Carpenters’ Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A trade embargo against Great Britain was adopted by Twelve of the thirteen American colonies in the Continental Congress Meet.
1798 – New conscription law goes into effect in France
The Jourdan Law regulated conscription in Revolutionary France, which began with the levée en masse. On 5 September 1798, the New Conspiration Law was put into effect that institutionalised conscription in France. The law demanded that all men between the ages of 20 and 25 who were single and childless were liable for military service.