Little achievements act as a stepping stone for greater achievements. One only needs to begin the process. Eventually, prominent inventions take place by themselves. The events mark days of failures and progress. There are a lot of disparities that still exist in this world. But history gives us hope and courage and motivates us to take chances. Today, on January 4, the most exclusive skyscraper, Burj Khalifa was inaugurated. Moreover, the New York Stock Exchange established its first permanent headquarters. Nancy Pelosi became the 1st female Speaker of the House thereby marking a day of history in the USA’s politics. NASA’s twin rover successfully landed on Mars. Luna 1 became the first man-made satellite to escape the earth’s gravity.
1865- First headquarters of New York Stock Exchange
The origin of the New York Stock exchange can be traced back to the year 1792. However, there was no comprehensive system or building for all the activities of the stock exchange. There were various cafés and small rented spaces where the people would work. Moreover, the series of the introduction of new companies and inventions increased the burden of work. This made working chaotic. Therefore, on January 4, 1865, the New York Stock Exchange opened its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad St, near Wall Street in New York City. Eventually, the pace of growth and expansion relentlessly increased. More than worth of million shares were traded by the year 1886.
1959- First satellite to go beyond the Earth’s gravity
Luna was successfully launched in the direction of the moon. Soviet Luna Programme is under which the Luna 1 became the first craft to escape the earth’s gravity. There was not one but many objectives of the mission. It was to explore the magnetic fields of Earth and the moon. Besides, it was to study the meteoric particles in space and the distribution of nuclei in cosmic radiation and allied fields. Moreover, it was to experiment on the nature of gas in outer space. However, due to some impairment in the computer systems, it missed the moon by 59000km. Thereafter, it was called ‘Artificial Planet 1’ also called Mechta. It revolved around the orbit of the Sun and between the orbits of the sun and moon.
2004- NASA’s Rover Spirit lands on Mars.
NASA’s mission to explore Mars was made successful with the twin drones opportunity and spirit. The first one was Mars Exploration Rover-A, also known as Spirit. And it landed n Mars at 4:35 pm (UTC) on January 4, 2004. The second one is Opportunity, also called Mars Exploration Rover-B. It landed three weeks after Spirit. MER-A and MER-B were sent to Mars with an expected life of 90-days. But surprisingly, both lasted longer. They discovered that Mars was damp and moist long ago. Also, mars provided congenial conditions for the survival of microbial life, if any was present.
2007- First female Speaker of the House
On January 4, 2004, Nancy Pelosi became the first female speaker of the house. John Boehner handed over the House of the speaker gavel to Nancy Pelosi. This marked history in the party of Congress, thereby breaking the glass ceiling. She had served the Senate and the House for 20 years and gradually marked the stepping stones in her career.
2010- UAE officially opens Burj Khalifa
The construction of Burj Khalifa commenced on January 6, 2004. The thought of building Burj Khalifa was introduced by the government of UAE, especially, the Prime Minister and the Vice President. Conventionally people associate UAE with oil production and allied areas. But they wanted to make it something more than that. Hence, for more tourist and travel destinations, Burj Khalifa was built. Samsung C&T with a joint venture of BESIX from Belgium and Arabtec from the UAE made it. The architects were Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill. The budget for it was over $1.5 billion. Also, it took five years to complete the construction. On January 4, 2010, the tallest building in the world was finally inaugurated.