On December 16 , history post brings you some very interesting events related to American history. Also, it is a day with two major natural disasters in the world. Coincidence? That’s for you to decide. Undoubtedly, this day holds some interesting incidents. History and its significance can be seen in our daily life. If it weren’t for the Boston Tea Party, we would not have seen one of the greatest revolutions in the world. Enlighten yourselves with the historical milestones of today
1431: King Henry VI crowned King Of France
He was the first Monarch from the house of Bourbon. Due to Salic Law, a war of Religion took place between three Henries. He encouraged education, agriculture. Henry made reforms in state finance, drain swamps and public works. He also restored Paris as a great city and Pont Neuf still stands today. King did several expeditions. He laid claim to New France, now Canada. He was a courageous and noble King. Henry also took great care in ensuring better lives for France’s citizens. This, therefore, made him one of the popular rulers of France. Unfortunately, he was subjected to twelve attempts on his life. He was murdered in July, 1610.
1631: Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts, kills 3000
This was the worst disaster in Mediterranean after 1800 years. It started on December 16, and continued days after that. Recorded deaths were up to three thousands. However real numbers are even more. Mt. Vesuvius was densely vegetated except at its cone. There were many signs of rumblings and dry walls around volcanoes. Night of December 16, people observed strong earth shocks. Also, distinct trails of smoke could be seen from the volcano. Perret describes it as,” falling off the petals of a flower”.
1689: Bill of Rights passed in English Parliament
In 1689, act became the law. William III and Mary II became co-rulers in England. Civil rights and constitutional rights helped in stronger Parliamentary powers. It set the constitutional monarchy in England. The bill started with a glorious revolution. William and Mary along with English citizens ousted King James II. He was condemned for abusing his powers. His rule was monarchy without parliamentary consent. This is why the bill of rights holds deeper significance.
1707: Last eruption of Mt. Fuji
Mt. Fuji is one of the highest volcanoes in the world. It is at a distance of sixty miles from south west Tokyo. At first, new eruptions with earthquakes was felt near Mt. Fuji. However, seven weeks after that, Mt. Fuji erupted. A lava fountain-ed after six hours of eruption. First day of eruption caused damage to many properties. Over seventy two houses , three Buddhist temples within 6.2 miles radius. The destruction continued for sixteen days. However, it was the last eruption of Mt. Fuji.
1773: Boston Tea Party
This was a revolt against the Tea Act of May 10, 1773. According to law, British East India Company sold tea from China without paying taxes. However, American Patriots strongly opposed this. Demonstrator disguised as Native Americans. Then they destroyed the entire tea shipment. Thus they threw a chest of tea into Boston Harbor. British government reacted to this harshly. This led to American revolution. This also became a historic act in American history. You can visit the Boston Tea Party Museum in Boston to know more.
1862: Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
The country was under the rule of the Shah Dynasty. Prithvi Narayan Shah, last ruler of Gorkha Kingdom. He became the first monarch of Nepal. He knew the unification of kingdoms was necessary for survival. However, in 2008, the removal of monarchy occurred. This resulted in formation of ‘Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal’. This ended the two-hundred years of the Shah Dynasty Reign.
2009: Blockbuster ‘Avatar’ released Internationally
James Cameron’s Avatar is a sci-fi movie. It is a twenty-second century story. Humans live the moon in Alpha Centauri Star System. They mine the mineral. It leads to threat for the local tribe Na’vi. The movie uses extensive motion capture filming techniques. The movie could have been released after Titanic. However, Cameron felt the technology was not up to meet his vision. The movie is the highest grossing movie of all time, surpassing Titanic. The only movie that surpassed its achievement is Avengers: Endgame.