One of the most important reasons for understanding history is that virtually every stupid idea that is in demand today has been tried before. Also, it proved disastrous before, time and again. Now let us know more about the events that happened on December 13 in history:
1570 – Denmark and Sweden sign Peace of Stettin
The Denmark and Sweden signed the Peace of Stettin on December 13 1570. The peace of Stettin ended the Northern Seven Years’ War occurred between Denmark and Sweden with their internally fragmented alliance of Lübeck and Poland. Meanwhile, it also settled Swedish, Danish and Holy Roman Imperial claims regarding the Livonian War. It was unfavourable for Sweden and therefore assured Danish hegemony in Northern Europe for a short period. Still, due to its inconclusiveness, it did not prevent further warfare between Denmark-Norway and Sweden ending only in the 1720s.
However, a treaty concluded between Sweden and Denmark, in the city of Stettin in Pomerania. The Peace of Stettin ended the war of the North (1563–70), reestablishing the boundaries between the Danish-Norwegian kingdom and Sweden. Meanwhile, in return for an indemnity, Denmark gave back the port of Älvsborg to Sweden, which was captured during the war.
1920 – League of Nations establishes the International Court of Justice
The Statute of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague counted on historical antecedents. It was specifically focused in respect of the Statute of its predecessor, the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ). The PCIJ was established under the aegis of the League of Nations under Article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations.
It was an International Court of Justice in the Hague attached to the League of Nations. Established on December 13, 1920, the Court was initially well-received from both states and academics, with many cases submitted to it for its first decade of operation.
1934 – British astronomer J.P.M. Prentice discovered Nova Hercules
Nova Hercules was one of the brightest novas of the 20th century, discovered on December 13, 1934. It was found by the British amateur astronomer J.P.M. Prentice, in the northern constellation Hercules. However, the nova was one of the brightest objects observable in the night sky. Therefore, it reached an apparent visual magnitude of 1.4 and remained visible to the unaided eye for months.
An eclipsing binary pair of small stars were found at its centre, revolving around each other with a period of 4 hours and 39 minutes. However, one component is continuously spun white dwarf star accreting material from its companion.
1972 – Last men landing on the Moon
Two popular astronauts, Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt (two of the three-man crew of Apollo 17) became the last men to walk on the Moon on December 13, 1972.
The two men spent a good amount of time on the Moon’s surface, collecting samples and undertaking tests. Also, making excursions to hitherto unexplored areas in their Lunar Roving Vehicle, before returning to the Lunar Module. However, the crew returned to Earth on December 19, 1972 landing safely in the Pacific Ocean.
With the announcement of the forthcoming Skylab and Space Shuttle programmes –it was decided that lunar exploration was no longer a priority. Therefore, Cernan and Schmitt remain the last two humans to have walked on the Moon to date.
2019– British General Election won by Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party
Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s conservative party won a resounding election victory on December 13, 2019. It permitted him to end three years of political paralysis and take Britain out of the European Union within weeks. The prime minister won a majority of a total of 80 seats this day, which was the biggest Tory majority since 1987. The party also won 48 of the 59 seats north of the border, and 45% of the vote across Scotland as a whole.
Reference Source: www.onthisday.com