Countries are mere land until someone breathes life into it. We the people form the identity of a country and transform barren land, into a home for many. When a common man imagines a country, he finds himself amidst the memories he spent with the people who reside there. Similarly, a population gets to be known through their leader who is honored as the first person of the country. He/She is not anyone else but a representative of all the men and women in the nation – The President.
Long back, the world had kings and queens ruling them. Slowly things transitioned and people believed their leader should be their choice. Thus, democracy paved its way for many big countries. The United States of America had its first election on 15 December 1788, and George Washington became the first officially elected president. From then on, there have been 45 presidents of the United States, and there have been several unique changes that took place during their reign. The latest president being Donal Trump, who succeeded Barack Obama. The next elections are around the corner, and the country is moving towards a new and 46th president of the country.
George Washington was the first president of the United States. Washington remains to be the first and only president who did not belong to a political party. He served as the commander-in-chief of the continental army during the American revolution. His skills and political views played a huge role in boosting the morale of the army and ultimately reaching a win. Washington refused to continue his term for the third time, even after his win, which later on became a rule in the 22nd amendment. He is the most influential president to date, as many of his devised rules and laws have been functioning to date. They have proved victorious in the test of time. Washington sought farewell after 20 years of his service to the country. His farewell speech is one of the most important documents in American History.
John Adams was the second president, and the first head of the government to reside in the White House. He played a significant role in administering the American Revolutionary War. Adams was often referred to as the “One man war Department”.
Adams’ stubborn nature and love for his country were instrumental in making the Treaty of Paris possible. He was able to peacefully end the Quasi-War alone. A prominent political author, he was behind the informative ‘A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America (1787)’.
Thomas Jefferson was the primary cause of the abolishment of the slave trade in the country. He was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. Founder of the ‘University of Virginia’, he drafted the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom guaranteeing the US citizens their right to religion. His presidency saw the establishment of the United States Military Academy. Along with this, the US territory got doubled through the Louisiana Purchase.
James Madison is considered the father of the constitution. The constitution that was crafted by Madison has been seen as a universal model and people often refer to the constitution to learn about how a nation gets to work. Madison also drafted the Bill Of Rights, which provided personal freedoms and rights and prescribed the limitations of the government’s power in all fields.
The James Monroe presidency is known as the era of good feelings. He worked towards national unity and always tried to keep the citizens happy and in their best place. The treaty of 1818 was signed under his presidency that improved the US relations with the UK and Canada. The biggest act under his presidency was the Monroe Doctrine, which revolutionized foreign policies. The Doctrine stated that colonization of American states would be viewed as acts of aggression and the US would intervene, written by John Quincy Adams.
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams served as the US ambassador to several nations under different presidencies. Known for his vocal stance against the slave trade, John was one of the greatest secretaries of the state. He negotiated the Florida Purchase with Spain. His reign saw the country making the best out of the infrastructural projects and changing the look of the nation. The nullification crisis saw an end due to the help of Adams.
Andrew Jackson remains to be one of the few presidents who led the country’s most significant battles including the win against the British in the battle of New Orleans. The modern Democratic Party was formed under his primary guidance. The democracy that everyone once foresaw was a reality now. Embezzlement laws were reformed and corruption came down substantially. His reign was the Age of Jackson.
Martin Van Buren
Martin Buren was one of the pillars who built The Modern Democratic Party as it is today. He was the craftsman behind the party. Having served in many positions from the New York Attorney General to The Senate of New York, Buren had a wide political career before becoming the president. His response to the Panic economic crisis is held high among economists to date.
William Henry Harrison
William Henry was officially the president who served for the least number of days. He died 31 days into his presidency due to his deteriorating health conditions. Before assuming office, he participated in the 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers, an American military victory that effectively ended the Northwest Indian War.
John Tyler as a president met with a not so cooperating cabinet and his term was quite a challenging one. Yet, he did several reforms. He signed the Pre- Emption Act. His administration also ended the Seminole War in Florida. Before his retirement, he made Florida the 27th state.
James Knox Polk
James K Polk led the US during the Mexican-American war. Under his presidency, one-third of the US territory increased and the US became a coast-to-coast nation. The Oregon Treaty was negotiated under his presidency. He increased the Anglo-American trade through economic reforms. He had set four major goals to achieve in his presidency and was successful in achieving all of them.
Zachary was a war hero who was honored with the role of a president. He was one of the first leaders to oppose slavery and openly asked the people of California and New Mexico to draft their construction, believing they would be against slavery. He served in the army for 40 Years and stated that he does not fear death or offering death to people who created havoc.
Millard Fillmore studied law and was a teacher before getting into a political mission. He signed the Compromise of 1850 which kept the country away from any Civil War for 11 years. He abolished the slave trade in Columbia. And, California was admitted as a free state. The major accomplishment was opening Japan for trade.
Pierce was the youngest president to be elected until then. His most remarkable feat was the Gadsen purchase. Purchased at 10 million dollars that made southern Arizona and New Mexico a part of the United States. But, he was denied renomination even after insisting on it.
James Buchanan was the 15th president of the United States. He was a Democrat with a strong hand in legal knowledge. However, he failed to bring his knowledge into implementation. He could not control the American Civil War from happening. And handle the slavery crisis effectively.
Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 to 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, the country’s greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.
Andrew Johnson’s presidency was one of the few presidents to be impeached. He was constantly in disagreement with the Radical Republicans. He launched multiple rallies and speaking campaigns called the ‘a to swing around the circle. The tour was later cited as unsuccessful.
Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses Grant tried his best to bring equality between African Americans and others. He worked on several rights to protect them and elevate them socially. He destroyed the white supremacist organization Klu Klux Klan. His presidency saw the establishment of the United States Department of Justice and the nation’s first National Park. He also initiated the influential Treaty of Washington.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
Rutherford B Hayes withdrew the federal troops from Louisiana and South Carolina ending the Reconstruction era and retiring the South to home rule. He fought for equal and better rights, along with the protection of the blacks that saw results only years later under the rule of Chester A. Arthur.
James Abram Garfield
James Garfield became the only president being a sitting member of the United States House of Representatives. He was on the chair for only six and a half months. Unfortunately, because he was assassinated in office. He initially agreed with Radical Republican views on reconstruction, but later changed his views.
Chester Alan Arthur
Chester signed the Pendleton Civil Service Act. It proposed that all federal jobs would be distributed based on merit rather than political connection. It prohibited compulsory political intervention in the ways people worked. He suspended Chinese immigration to the country for 10 years. He played a role in fighting fraud in the postal system and modernizing the Navy.
Grover Cleveland is the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms as a president. He was famous as the ‘veto-president’ for smashing the power of the veto to gun down extravagant and special-privilege legislation. Before becoming the president, Cleveland served as the Mayor of Buffalo and the governor of New York. He strengthened the defenses and modernized the Navy.
William McKinley won the presidential elections by the largest margin in 25 years. Leading the country to a decisive victory in the Spanish-American War, and the ultimate start of the US intervention in global issues. He introduced the Dingley Tariff, which established security over the domestic industry. The Gold Standard Act was signed, which made gold the only standard for redeeming paper money.
Roosevelt is the first American president to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. The award was given for bringing the Russo – Japanese war to an end. Roosevelt remains to be the first president who made nature conservation and the issues faced by nature a major national concern. He established several reserves and national forests. He curbed adulteration in the country to a great extent.
William Howard Taft
William Taft is the only president to date, who has served as the Chief Justice as well. He was instrumental in bringing antitrust laws that benefited the customers and made the manufacturers and sellers aware of being truthful in the business. His presidency saw the establishment of the postal savings system.
Woodrow is also a proud recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He received the League of Nations for his contributions. His presidency saw the establishment of the Federal Reserve, federal trade commission, the passing of the Clayton Antitrust Act, and the implementation of Nationwide Women’s Suffrage.
Warren G. Harding
Warren Harding was a pro-business president. His norms and policies reformed the ways trade worked. He reduced the taxes and enacted high protective tariffs. Harding also limited immigration. He made an exceptionally well-learned cabinet with people belonging to different fields, which later proved to be fatal.
Coolidge left his prosperous career as a lawyer to serve the nation politically. His era is also known as the Roaring Twenties when economic prosperity was at its best. His laws also boosted the economy by many folds. He granted citizenship to Native Americans. The Dawes Plan solved the German Reparation. He also established the Federal Radio Commission.
Herbert Hoover is the only president who became famous for his humanitarian acts and that paved way for his political career. He helped men and women come out of starvation during and after the First World War. He placed child healing and their well-being on the government’s agenda and made it a national duty for everyone. As a famous conservationist, he brought about changes in the Prison norms. Previously these were never given importance. He was partly responsible for the UNICEF creation.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin is the longest-serving president who ruled the nation for four continuous terms. He is amongst the favorite presidents by the countrymen. Bringing the country out of the Great Depression was his biggest challenge as he came to office. Also, Franklin proved successful in doing so by the New Deal. After leading the Allied to victory in the Second World War, Roosevelt was one of the main people behind the United Nations.
Harry S Truman
The 33rd president also known as the best internationalist policymaker. His policies have benefited the neighboring countries along with making the foreign ties of the country better. He ended the prevailing racial discrimination in the United States Armed Forces. He made it illegal to discriminate against people in the civil service based on race.
Dwight D Eisenhower
Dwight founded NASA in 1958, a president who was keen on warfare and science expeditionary. He led the allied forces to victory in World War 2. He also threatened nuclear attacks to end the Korean war. The first significant civil rights enactment was passed. Health, education, and welfare prospered in his presidency gaining him the honor of one of the greatest presidents in the state.
John F. Kennedy
John F Kennedy became the youngest elected president. His reforms played the biggest role in bringing back the economy to normal after the recession. The Peace Corps was established under his rule. The partial nuclear ban also saw the daylight under his reform. The equal pay act was signed under his rule. This brought along the initiation of equal rights for the African Americans of the country.
Lyndon B Johnson
Lyndon B Johnson ranks among the top 10 American presidents. He oughts to be the most controversial president. He came to power just after the assassination of John Kennedy. Lyndon transitioned his teaching career into a very amazing political career becoming a civil rights hero.
Richard Nixon initiated the era of better relations with China. He helped reduce tensions between the US and the Soviet Union and also ended US involvement in the Vietnam War. He established the environmental protection agency and made a significant contribution to energy consumption.
Gerald Ford is the president who served the least number of days in the office. His reign lasted for only a total of 895 days. His economic policies ended the US recession and the rate of inflation decreased by more than half. The net farm income reached a record high under his presidency.
Jimmy Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize in the year 2002 for his work to establish proper Human Rights. He negotiated peace amongst the neighbors and averted any conflicts. Jimmy established the Carter Center to advance Human Rights and alleviate human suffering. He established the US Department of energy due to his keenness over energy consumptions
Ronald became the president when the US was suffering from huge inflation and unemployment. He provided the nation with proper reforms along with optimism that boosted the spirits of the citizens. His economic policy called “Reaganomics”, led to one of the biggest peaceful economic regimes ever in the US. His Reagan Doctrine changed the way cold wars functioned then.
George Herbert Walker Bush
George Bush served as the youngest Navy pilot in the second world war before becoming the president. The biggest democratic policy that he signed was the landmark Americans with disabilities act in 1990. Under his presidency, he signed NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. Bush received the presidential award for freedom in the year 2011.
Bill Clinton brought about various educational reforms. He believed education is the key to success and helped students achieve all the resources by making higher education affordable and expanding access to technology. He regulated the growing crime through the largest crime bill in US history. Clinton received the presidential medal of freedom in 2013. His reign also saw a significant drop in unemployment and poverty rates.
George W Bush
George Bush made Texas the leading producer of wind-powered electricity in the US while serving as the governor. The Patriotic Act came under his rule strengthening national security as a proposal. He improved US relations with various nations and waged a war against global terrorism. Bush prohibited Genetic Discrimination. For this, he went on to do several healthcare and educational reforms in the country. Bush received the order of the star of Romania.
Barack Obama is one of the most famous and loved presidents of all time. He became the first African American president of the country. During the time he took over the office, the country was under an economic depression and Obama did the necessary reforms to bring about a change. His presidency saw the drop in unemployment and poverty rates and also decreased the number of people who did not have insurance. The Obama administration quadrupled the use of solar and wind energy usage. The most important milestone is the killing of the Al-Qaeda terrorist, Osama Bin Laden in 2011. Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009.
Donald Trump is the current president of the state. He has been one of the most controversial presidents of all time. As of now, Trump has installed a total of 50 judges. He has also signed a 738 billion USD defense spending bill, officially making the Space Force the sixth force in existence. He has reformed the tax by signing the Republican tax bill. Currently, his term is nearing an end and the next elections are just around the corner.
A country’s prosperity and progress depend highly on the leader whom the people have chosen as their representative. But, it also is the responsibility of the citizens to exercise their rights properly, especially voting rights and electing the right person of their choice.
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