Food, an important source for living, has its scope in science as well as technology in the current world. Consumers should know the news, and information about what they eat. Food Science and Technology made much space in the current period for long. It proved to be very efficient for the general public for their health and proper diet. Technology has solved several problems that generally affect the living creatures in this world.
Food Science and Technology
Although, Food Science and Technology is a field that provides knowledge about the biological, physical, and engineering sciences to make innovations in food-related technologies, improve its quality and nutrition value, and much more in the line. But, what basically food science and food technology refer to?
What is Food Science?
The study of the physical, chemical and biological makeup of food refers to Food Science. Furthermore, it includes the causes of food deterioration, and the concepts under the process of food. The study of scientific experiments through scientists gives birth to new food products, safe packaging materials, and several other developments and designs.
Scientists develop several ways to process, preserve, pack and store food, through the study and experimentations of science. To maintain the food supply, the principles related to food science are very essential. The study of science in the field of food is a very interesting and important part of everyone’s life. We experience several benefits today, which is just because of Food Science.
- Food Science provides us with nutritious foods (new), canned and frozen foods, milk, snacks, and easy preparation of traditional food, microwave meals, and above all a variety of food items.
- It allows us to make the best and efficient use of food resources, with less time.
- Most food resources and materials are biological in nature, thus it is important to know their behavior at the time of harvesting, processing, preparation, storage, and distribution. All this needs to have a scientific study of the food material.
Food scientists need to have a familiar nature in certain fields, which are: Chemistry, Engineering, Statistics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology.
What is Food Technology?
Food Technology refers to a branch of Food Science, which certainly deals with the production, preservation, quality control, and research and development of the food material. It develops new ideas and technology to develop effective and efficient pathways to food products. It has created artificial or industrial eggs, chicken, that does not need any animal but technological developments.
For several years, Food Technology has rapidly changed the world’s food supply. Some of these developments in food technology are given below:
- The development of decaffeinated coffee and tea, in Europe around 1900. In this process, green coffee beans are treated with water and heated. Then, the solvents remove the caffeine from the beans.
- The invention of the first milk powder by D.D. Peebles, which became the basis for other new rehydratable products. The process rehydrates the spray-dried milk powder, thus increases the surface area of the powdered product.
- Aseptic packaging has also developed. This is to prevent the food from re-infection. The process includes the filling of the sterile products into a sterile container and then sealing the containers.
Likewise, there are a number of examples that could be driven out while making a deep talk on Food Technology.
Why Food Science and Technology Important?
Food Science is not a limited concept or study. As it is dedicated to the food for the scientific disciples, it does not limit itself to chemistry alone. Furthermore, it consists of various disciplines like biology, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, and many more. All these disciplines aim at providing a better understanding of food products, and their conversion to healthy and safe products for the consumers. With the rapid growth in population, food technology is also on its path to development. Thus, it enhances the supply of food and increases the well-being of the growing population.
Moreover, the technology has created safe and healthier solutions to prevent food material from damage, thus becoming easily accessible, and less expensive.
How does it Help a Common Man?
The reality of food science and technology can not be escaped from today’s world. The health of an individual depends highly on the ready availability of healthy food. But, there are many cases where we hear about unhealthy or unsafe food, which has affected life diversely. As a result, people are not living a healthy and safe life. Therefore, this needs to have a break.
For several years, food technology has balanced the situation through its continuous development. This has helped people to eat healthy and required food for their well-being. It needs to continue long to prevail in the current situations given we are facing serious lifestyle issues. This also helps people in understanding, that many times healthy food is affordable, and they were just not seeing them. Moreover, people are getting a variety of food materials with efficient nutrition. While these studies help in directing and realizing why certain food should and should not be consumed.
Food Science and Technology in Future
With the rapid growth in the population around the world, there is a need for improved technology and science of food. Therefore, Food science and technology have a bright view in the future to get rid of the lack of food. The technological improvements enhance the supply of food, which further devotes to the need for food for the population. With the upgrade of time, food technology continues to develop and benefits the whole universe. for nearly a century, technological advancements have devoted much to the agricultural sector as well. With the advent of technology, food-producing at a good level, quantitatively and qualitatively. The scientists are even working to develop the technologies for efficient, good quality, protective, and healthy food materials in the upcoming years. To produce a huge variety of safe, convenient, inexpensive food products, technology is the way to achieve this goal.
Food Science and Technology have created a new modern era where the people and resources have developed. The rising need for food and its prevention can be solved through the current technology. The quality, safety, and variety of food products have developed the world so far. Moreover, the increase in such developments has reduced food items’ cost, with less wastage. Therefore, the food is now safe, healthier, affordable, and has variety. This is all because of the existence of Food Science and Technology.
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