The number seven is predominantly chosen by the greeks as they believed that it is a number of perfection and plenty. Additionally, it is the summing up of five planets(known at that time), moon, and sun. The ancient Greek historian and travel writer Herodotus is traditionally given the credit for choosing the seven ancient wonders of the world. His original list has been lost, but there are several references. Whether they were accurate or not, there’s no way to know.
The ancient seven wonders were:
Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was considered to be one of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World owing to its unbelievable size. It was a statue of Helios, the Greek god of the Sun. Standing between 100 and 110 feet tall, it was the tallest statue of its time. Another feature that made the Colossus a ‘wonder’ was it gleamed and glistened when hit by the rays of the Sun seeing that it was composed entirely of bronze. Bronze is a metal alloy that is mainly made of copper mixed with a little amount of tin. More powerful than iron, it can endure severe weather conditions.
To build the Colossus of Rhodes, the workers molded the exterior bronze surface. The base was made of white marble. It is believed that the feet and ankle of the statue were first fixed. The structure was gradually upraised as the bronze form was supported by an iron and stone skeleton. They constructed a slope to reach the higher parts. It stood about 33 meters high.
Great Pyramid of Giza
Built over the span of three generations, the three primary pyramids on the Giza signified by the rulers Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. Each pyramid was part of a noble mortuary group. Also, it includes a temple at its base and a long stone path leading east from the Giza to a valley temple.
The pyramid stands to a rise of 146 meters with a foundation of 230 meters. Furthermore, it is comprised of over two million blocks of stone. Some of these stones are of such tremendous size and weight that the administration of building and locating them so accurately seems an impracticality by contemporary measures.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were imagined to be located in the ancient city of Babylon. In truth, No proof suggests the existence of hanging gardens. Nonetheless, they are considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Hanging Gardens is actually a word expressing that the gardens were built high above the earth on multi-level stone platforms. The plants weren’t rooted in the ground like a conventional garden. It was most likely the most magnificent man-made gardens ever created. It would take at least 8,200 gallons of water must each day to keep the plants irrigated.
The gardens were estimated to be about 75 feet long. Specifically, The water would have had to have been transported up or conveyed to the top of the gardens by a fundamental irrigation system.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
The lighthouse of Alexandria is a monolithic construction raising to a height of 135 meters. Made up of three floors, this lighthouse was built to guide and protect the sailors. On the ground, a massive square building served as the base. On the second floor was an octagonal building. Above all, the third floor was cylindrical. Similarly, several lighthouses of the Greek empire were three-storeyed. The front door was placed at a height fairly unreachable from the ground for average tall humans. So, the lighthouse had an access ramp that had sixteen striking spans. Ptolemy I Soter authorized the construction of an extensive lighthouse to guide ships into Alexandria later serving as a permanent reminder of his power and greatness.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The structure of the Mausoleum was made up of three parts. A square foundation on the bottom, 9 pillars on each side, a total of 36 pillars in the middle, above which is a stepped pyramid of 24 steps. All of this was wrapped in embellished carvings, with life-size statues in the surrounding. At the very top was the chariot pulled by four horses. Mausolus and Artemisia riding the chariot was a 25-foot tall sculpture.
Much of the Mausoleum was of marble. To illustrate, the entire structure reached 140 feet high. Although large, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was spoken about for its fine figurines and carvings. Moreover, the Mausoleum was covered by encryptions. The encryptions were extremely comprehensive and composed of scenes of battle and hunting. Also the scenes from Greek mythology that included such mythic animals as centaurs were included.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The sculptor Phidias, was credited with two beautiful statues in Athens, of the goddess Athena. At Olympia, Phidias and his assistants first created a skeleton of wood for the statue. Consequently, they covered it with ivory slabs to represent the bare skin of Zeus and attached gold leaves to his clothes. The statue stood on a throne with ebony engravings. It was 13 meters high and its head of the statue almost reached the roof of the temple. Therefore, to admire the face of the god, they built platforms on the walls. After its completion in 435 BC, “The Statue of Zeus” was one of the greatest wonders of the world for the next 800 years.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The temple of Ephesus stands with a solid building base in loose soils. It has a height of 105m and a width of 55m. Its exterior is encircled by heavy columns separated into two rows. The entrance was on par with the breadth of the structure. The entrance was at the bottom of a slight corner, an engineered element that one finds in many civilizations.
India has also been a hub for several architectural wonders that remain unrecognized. To know more about the tower wonders of ancient India, Click here.