Increasing Population, commonly termed as Human overpopulation, refers to a large human population that the environment or society cannot sustain. Regional human populations can identify increasing populations. Generally, it is discussed as an issue of the world population.
What is overpopulation? Generally, it refers to a population that exceeds its sustainable size within a particular area or habitat. This problem has arisen due to a decrease in death rate, an increase in birth rate, sudden decline in available resources, and many more.
The increasing population can have severe effects on the environment, and other species. Through the increase in population has improved the technological world with the increase in human lifespan, and fertility. Consequently, it has increased the pressure on the limited global resources.
What Causes Global Population?
There may be several reasons for the increasing population, and several crises of this problem in the economy. Discussing the problems of the global increasing population can never be an excuse. Every living being has a legitimate claim on a fair amount of Earth’s resources. Through with the population approaching 8 billion, even if everyone occupies a lower standard of living then also it will push Earth to its ecological breaking point. The most common causes of the increasing population are as follows:
- The birth of foreign species that do not have natural predators. Indeed, such new species become obstructive.
- An increasing birth rate further leads to population growth. Besides, this leads to overpopulation of a species if such growth exceeds the resources within a particular region.
- Next, the reduction in available resources also results in the increasing population size. This is because the population cannot be sustained within the available resources in the particular region.
- If the lifespan of species results in limiting the available resources, the decrease in mortality rate concludes into the rising or increasing population in the world.
The world population is increasing continuously since around the year 1350. The fastest population increased between the years 1950 and 1986. It increased from 2.5 billion to 5 billion in just 37 years. The main reason behind this rapid rise was an increase in agricultural productivity and advancement in medical facilities. The population is increasing at regular surveys.
Effects of Increasing Population
The effects of the rising population mainly conclude to over-consumption. The rise in population does not wholly depend on the density of the population, but also the ratio of population to the available resources. Besides, it depends on the way how resources are managed throughout the population. Major effects caused by increasing population are as follows:
Rise in Unemployment
A further rise in population has lead to the increase in workforce towards a particular work. Since the economy has limited resources with limited works, many people or youth remain without any work or job. All this can be analyzed through ‘Rise in Unemployment.
Rise in Poverty
As we all know the population is rising at a fast pace, which leads to rising unemployment, as discussed above. More people are left unemployed and have no source of income. People with no income source for income further fall into the category of ‘under the poverty line, as they do not have money to feed themselves. Thus they come in the category of poverty. Hence, an increase in population leads to an increase in the poverty rate as well.
Depletion of Natural Resources
Nature has its limited resources, which are falling short in the current scenario. The rapid rise in population in the last fifty years has a severe impact on the globe. There are increasing activities of cutting down trees, hunting wildlife, causing pollution, and many more. This has tremendously deleted the natural resources in the economy.
Lower Life Expectancy
The population rises more probably in the less developed nations, due to lack of literacy or lower facilities. Therefore, the availability of resources falls short of the needs, thus causing less access to fresh water, medical care, food, and jobs, and ultimately a sharp fall in life expectancy.
High Cost of Living
Due to overpopulation, the difference between demand and supply has gone up. This lead to a rise in the prices of various commodities, like food, shelter, healthcare, and so on. This meaning that people have to spend more to feed themselves and their families.
Similarly, there are many effects of the rising population in the economy. Furthermore, it includes faster climate change, increased intensive farming, water shortage, conflicts and wars, and a very big list.
All we need to get rid of this rising problem. Therefore, we have sorted some of the solutions to solve this crisis.
Solutions to the Crisis of Rising Population
There are several numbers of solutions which one can follow to reduce the growing population in the world. Some of them are given below:
- Better Education. The very first measure to reduce the crisis of overpopulation is to implement educational policies in the social environment. Education helps the masses of human beings to have control over the rising problem of population, thus giving birth to only one or two children at most.
- Knowledge of Sex education. The policies, for imparting sex education to young kids at the elementary education level, should be implemented. This will aware the youngsters about sex education, thus contributing towards the reduction of population density.
- Tax concessions. The government should come up with a policy to have a positive effect on population size. The policy may waive a certain part of income tax for those who have one or two children at most.
In the same way, several more steps can be taken to reduce the population in the economy. The problem is rising probably, and it needs immediate action. All the citizens should be aware amount the rising effects of the rising population. Thus, everyone should contribute to coping up with this problem.
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