On January 5, we bring you some events that made a great impact on our daily lives. Be it The Golden Gate Bridge or the first image of Northern lights, this day has so much more to offer. While time passes by, history resonates with our daily life. Just like us, people in 1709 lost hope during cold, harsh winters. However, they did come through just as we did. With each event, you will see how important concepts were born. While Ford’s minimum wage sets an excellent example for modern industries. The work of Nellie inspires us to be the best of ourselves.
1709- The Great Frost
Also called Le Grand Hiver, it is the coldest winter in Europe. William Durban recorded ten degrees Fahrenheit on January 5. Other parts of Europe observed five-degree Fahrenheit. People observed sudden wind storms and frosts. Parts of Europe like France, Italy suffered major blows. River, Canal networks, port, livestock froze in the harsh weather. The severity of this winter also resulted in the emigration of German Palatines. The winter of 1709 continued for three months before any sign of relief.
1892- First photograph of Aurora
Human fascination with Northern lights is always present. In 1892, German astronomer Otto Rudolf Martin Brendel captured its beauty. He was a member of the German Northern Lights expedition. He took a black and white photograph of Aurora. Later, it was published in the magazine “Century” in October 1892. This was important as he took the first clear photograph of the Northern Lights. The first color picture appeared in 1950. However, this is the oldest surviving photograph of the Northern Lights.
1914- Ford introduces the Minimum wages
Five dollars a day in today’s economy is about one-thirty dollars. Imagine how a company paid this much especially during the time of the Great Depression. After the T- belt, the production of cars increased. With standardized production, Ford needed a standardized workforce. He fixed daily wages higher than usual. It was double the wages as per Wage norms. It was also double the pay of Ford’s own employees. At the same time, Ford adopted forty hours of work a week. This inspired today’s living-wage movements.
1919- German Workers’ Party (DAP) forms
After World War One, a short-lived political party was formed in Weimar, Germany. DAP lasted from January 5 to February 24, 1920. It flowed with the ideology of German nationalism. It also promoted Anti-semantic, anti-marxism. Adolf Hitler joined the Party in October 1919. On February 24, he along with party members renamed the party National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP), commonly known as Nazi. His skills as Orator gained a massive advantage in persuading propaganda of Nationalism.
1925- First woman Governor in the USA
Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first woman to be Governor in the USA. After her husband’s death, Democratic Party later nominated Nellie to run for Governor. Her political policies include tax-cut, government aid to poor farmers, and bank reforms. She was a strong advocate of probation laws like her late husband. She rectified the federal amendment for prohibiting child labor law. Her policies were targeted specifically towards protecting women, children, and miners.
1933- Construction of Golden Gate Bridge starts
Golden Gate Bridge iconic connects San Francisco to California. It serves as the primary channel and is one of the largest ports in the United States. An engineering marvel, World War Two delayed its construction. Surprisingly, it wasn’t the only problem. In 1935, an earthquake struck the region. It also created “Half-way-to-hell Club“. A safety net was placed to prevent casualties. Thus gaining the name.
2005- The Discovery Of Eris
It is the second-largest dwarf planet. Mike Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David Rabinowitz discovered it. However, it was verified later in October 2005. Since it is larger than Pluto. It was initially thought to be the tenth planet. However, this changed when IAU defined the term “planet’. Ultimately, it was called a “dwarf planet”. Along with Pluto, it reduced the number of planets in the Solar System.