Studying history allows us to develop a higher understanding of the world within which we live. Building information and understanding of historical events and trends, particularly over the past century, allows us to develop a way to appreciate little things that we often neglect. Today we bring you some of the most important events of December 1. From the launch of beloved children’s channels to some uncommon political changes.
1977 – Pinwheel (now Nickelodeon) launched
Originally launched for educational fare, Pinwheel launched a channel running 12 hours a day. Also, it did not air any commercials. In 1979, the channel rebranded itself as Nickelodeon. It started including sketch comedy like, “You Can’t Do That On Television”. In 1983, it started airing commercials to overcome loss and promoted a family-friendly educational network. Later it gained popularity by airing the kid’s game show “Double dare”. In 1991, Nickelodeon started its first original cartoons, Doug(1991-1994). Shows like SpongeBob Squarepants, Blue’s Clues, Dora the Explorer made Nickelodeon one of the most viewed kid’s channels in America.
2000 – Vicente Fox Quesada becomes the President of Mexico
Born in 1942, Vincente started his political career in March 1988. He joined ‘Partido Acción Nacional’ and served the Chamber of Deputies. In 1995, he was also appointed as ‘Governor of Guanajuato’. In 2000, he won the Presidential elections with 43% votes and celebrated his victory at the ‘Angel of Independence’ monument in Mexico City. This was the first time after 1910 that a member of the opposition party was in power. Fox maintained steady economic growth during his administration. He reduced poverty dropped 8.1% from 2001 to 2006.
1822- Franz Liszt’s, aged 11, debuts as pianist
Born in 1811, he began listening to his father’s piano at age of six. He was taught piano at the age of
seven. He started composing simple pieces at the age of eight. His first public debut in Vienna ‘Landständischer Saal’ on December 1 was a great success. He also wrote for orchestra. Franz’s creation of the Symphonic poem is a remarkable achievement. He also extended piano techniques. His best known for ‘Hungarian Rhapsodies’. His works are an inspiration and are held in high regard, especially as composers of the Romantic era.
1913-Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line
Earlier Ford had been trying to increase the manufacturing of automobiles for years. This difficult as he did not want to compromise the quality of products. Previously workers assembled the car using rope and pulley powered conveyed belt. In 1913, he unveiled the moving chassis assembly line. This decreased construction time from 12 hours to 1 hour thirty-three minutes. Assembly line served the purpose of mass production. It made construction efficient and require less time and resources. This lead to a decrease in the price of Cars. Thus, easy for people to afford one.
1919- First performed by ‘Mr. Pim Passes By’
Born in 1882, Milne studied Mathematics in Cambridge. However, he focuses on his writing as a student. On December 1, ‘Mr. Pim Passes By’ was performed at Gaiety Theatre, Manchester. This play is in three acts. The plot of the play revolves around the Marden family who receives an absent-minded guest Mr. Pim who creates havoc in the house by sharing news. The story takes a hilarious turn as events unfold. Milne’s brilliant writing intrigues readers. Milne’s famous book ‘Winnie-the-Pooh’ overshadowed his remaining stories.
1988- Benazir Bhutto named 1st female Prime Minister of a Pakistan
Born in 1993, she studied at Harvard University. Also, at Oxford University where she was President of Oxford Union. Her father, Zulfikar was the previous Prime minister. He founded of Pakistan Political Party(PPP). Arrested in July 1977, he was executed in 1979. Bhutto and her mother began co-leader of PPP. In 1988, she won elections. She believed that it will be a new era of multi-party democracy and growing gender equality. She lifted the ban on trade unions and student associations. However, in 2007 she died in December before the elections.