On December 18, we bring you important acts and events of history. With every day passing we believe in elevating quality of lives. Some of these events are celebrated in great regards. History is not just about remembering dates but also the impact of those dates on our daily life. With each passing day, we make small steps towards our dreams. Today we will be learning more such stories. Be it Ban on alcohol or first portrait of moon. We will see how small achievements laid foundation for today’s world.
1777 1st national Thanksgiving Day
Initially, military victory was recognised on this day. However, when British General surrendered in front of the Americans. General George Washington, declares it as the first national thanksgiving day. After the new USA’s constitution , Washington announced every November 26 as Thanksgiving Day. This was in honour of soldiers whose assistance in achieving independence. He also announced a state government to announce and observe days within their state. However, it wasn’t until the Civil War, when President Lincoln recognise it as a National Holiday.
1839 1st celestial photograph of Moon
In the early 1800s, photography was new. The Moon was also a good target for many young artists. They tried capturing the picture of Moon. It was significant as cameras available at that time were dependent on light and shadows. In 1939, Louis Daguerre tried capturing a portrait of the Moon. But it was John W Draper, first to take a photograph of the actual moon. His early failed attempts gave him insights. It created base for many new techniques.
1902 British parliament passes the Education Act
The Balfour Act of 1902 reorganised the Education system. Though it led to a political disaster, it was a long term success. According to G. R. Serale, it elevated education standards. Over one thousand schools were opened. Among them, three hundred forty-nine were for girls only. It was important considering women education was not promoted. It continued for four decades. Later, the Butler Act of 1944, brought control of Local Education Authorities.
1917 Ban on Sale of Alcohol in US
Congress proposed an amendment in 1917. Its mission was to reduce poverty and other social issues. As many believed that alcohol was root cause of violence and crimes. Interestingly, the law did not prohibit on drinking one. The law proved difficult in many states. In the US Supreme Court , law was challenged. However, this shook the general public. Especially the Beer and Wine market, which sold distilled alcohol. A large number of bootlegging took place. In January, 1918, there was change in the law.
1997 W3C releases HTML 4.0
World Wide Web C. introduced HTML 4.0 on December 18. This was a revised edition for the HTML 3.0 draft. This version supported more multimedia options, scripting languages, sheet style. This made documents more accessible. One of the major updates involved support for users with disabilities. It created benchmark. As it recognised the people with disability. HTML 4.1 is revise edition of HTML 4.0. This was then the final standard form. Later, the draft of HTML 5.0 issued in 2014.