History is something that illuminates the culture and its origin. It also forecasts the awareness and how and when everything evolved and fell into place. It not only helps us trace the origins of the past but also helps us understand it better which leads to an understanding of the present more desirably. We, at Brag Social, try to keep you updated with the happening of past and present through our today column. Let us now read the historical milestones of September 12.
1848 – Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
Source – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag-map_of_Switzerland.svg
With the creation of a federal constitution concerning the 27-Day civil war in Switzerland, the Sonderbundskrieg, Switzerland rose as a Federal state on September 12, 1948. The Federal constitution was inspired by the ideologies of the French revolution and heavily influenced by the United States Constitution. The constitution was altogether replaced in the year 1999 and was modified several times in the following decades. In the 19th century, the state was completely dominated by radicals and liberal officials. Spared from war and enjoying political stability, the Swiss focused on developing agriculture, communications, and the financial sector.
1909 – World’s first patent for synthetic rubber granted
On September 12, World’s first patent for synthetic rubber was granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann. Hofmann was a German organic chemist and was the first to invent synthetic rubber in 1909. Hofmann’s research and studies were conducted in the laboratories of ElberfelderFarbenfabrikenvorm.Friedr. Bayer and Co. In 1909, Hofmann was succeeded in producing an elastic rubber molecule from the substance – methyl-isoprene, thus paving his way into creating history. Back in the 1900’s rubber was unknown to chemists and scientists and weren’t aware that the elastic molecule is nothing but a chain of countless isoprene molecules.
1919 – Adolf Hitler joins the German Worker’s Party.
Source – https://time.com/5573720/hitler-world-influence/
Established in Weimar Germany after World War 1, a political party as a precursor of the Nazi party was formed, known as the German Worker’s Party. It was officially known as the National Socialist German Workers’ Party and lasted from 5 January 1919 until 24 February 1920. Taking orders from his superiors, Hitler applied to join the party on 12th September 1919. Within a week, Hitler received a postcard confirming his membership and became the party’s one of the most active orators.
1940 – The Lascaux Caves in France, are discovered.
On 12th September 1940, four teenagers accidentally came across and discovered the ancient artwork which supposedly was 15,000-17,000 years old, after following their dog who fell into the narrow entrance of a Cavern. The ancient paintings discovered in Near Montignac, France were mostly animal representations and are the finest examples of the upper Paleolithic period. The Lascaux Caves consists of a main cavern 66 feet wide and 16 feet high and is decorated with some 600 painted and drawn animals and symbols and nearly 1,500 engravings. The caves were open to the public in 1948 but had to be closed in 1963, due to the artificial lights that faded the prehistoric paintings. Eventually, in 1983, a replica of the Lascaux Caves for public visitors.
1992 – Space Shuttle Endeavor takes off on NASA’s 50th shuttle mission
Beginning the 50th shuttle mission of the program, NASA launches space shuttle Endeavour and STS-47 from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center. The mission carried the first African-American woman in space, the first married couple, and the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spacecraft. The mission crew also included the Spacelab module, Spacelab-J, a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan, which conducted microgravity investigations in life and materials sciences. Preserving NASA’s remarkable history, The NASA History Program is responsible for developing a comprehensive understanding of the institutional, cultural, social, political, economic, technological, and scientific aspects of NASA’s activities in aeronautics and space.
2011 – The 9/11 Memorial Museum opens to the public
Source – https://911memorial.org/about/board-trustees
The 9/11 Memorial & Museum was built in Honor of those who were killed in the 2001 and 1993 attacks and is the country’s principal institution. Exploring 9/11, documenting its impact, and examining its continuing significance the 9/11 Memorial Museum is located at the World Trade Center in New York City. Through media, narratives, and a collection of monumental and authentic artifacts, the museum tells the story of the 9/11 attacks, along with personal stories of loss, recovery, and hope. The 9/11 Memorial Museum opens to the public on September 12, 2011, and to date actively engages with 9/11 family members, survivors, and rescue and recovery workers to offer services, education, and moments of connection and healing.