History is an account of the events that happened in the past. It is a great supply of knowledge. It explains how we became what we are today. Furthermore, it helps us to appreciate our present and give a better vision for the future. This section of Brag Social helps us get notified of the history of January 1. With the celebrations, let us know what glorious past this day in January has in store.
1801: Discovery of Ceres in January.
Giuseppe Piazzi, an Italian astronomer discovered Ceres on January 1,1801. He was born on July 16, 1746 at Ponte de Valtellina, Lombardy, Italy. Ceres is the first member of the asteroid which was discovered. Its location is between Mars and Jupiter. Also, it is the closest one. Giuseppe Piazzi produced a catalog of the positions of 7,646 stars. There, he wrote about Ceres as well. He also mentioned that the motion of the Sun and stars is relative.
1863: Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation.
Abraham Lincoln had put out the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. It transformed the character of the war fundamentally. The proclamation read, “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious state “are, and henceforward shall be free.” However, it was only effective in the states which seceded from the United States of America. The Proclamation could not end slavery in the United States. Still, it won the hearts of millions of people in America. It served as a milestone along the path of slavery’s destruction. Also, it made it’s place among the great documents of freedom.
1904: The Pure Food and Drug Act becomes law in US.
The Pure Food and Drug act was enacted by the 59th United States Congress. It became effective on January 1, 1904. It was the first part of the significant Consumer protection laws. Also, it helped in the development of Food and Drug Administration. Its object was to ban adulterated, mislabeled food and drug products. It checked upon the foreign and interstate traffic. The United States Pharmacopeia or National Formulary established purity levels for active ingredients. Also, it was a requirement to mention the active ingredients on the packaging.
1916: Oswald Hope Robertson performs first transfusion using stored and cooled blood in January.
Oswald Hope Robertson was a medical researcher. He was born on June 2, 1886 at Woolwich, London, United Kingdom. He had performed the first blood transfusion using refrigerated and stored blood. Also, he was a United States army officer. He collected blood from previously typed “Universal” donors into glass bottles containing citrate and dextrose solution. He stored the bottles on ice for 26 days. Then, he transported them to the clearing stations. They were sent to places in need. He established the first blood bank. He did this during his service in France in World War I.
2015: Lithuania adopts euro as its currency.
Lithuania becomes the 19th member state of Europe to adopt the euro as its currency. Euro replaced the Lithuanian litas on January 1, 2015. However, the government provided a dual circulation period of 15 days to the Lithuanian population. The Commission published its first assessment in July 2014. It stated Lithuania’s practical preparations for adopting the euro. They published the second report on November 21 which stated the further progress until September 2014 end. Lithuania had ordered 370 million euro coins which carried national sides. Also, Lithuania ordered 132 million euro banknotes of varied denomination.