History is the knowledge of the past. It is nothing but a story and a collection of memories. It gives an account of who we are and where we came from. Also, it can potentially tell where we are headed in the future. History furnishes us with a sense of identity. This is why it is taught in most schools and colleges throughout the world. Let us learn about the history of January 13 through today’s article of Brag Social.
1610: Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, the 4th satellite of Jupiter.
Galileo Galilei, an Italian astronomer, natural philosopher, and mathematician discovered Callisto on January 13, 1610. He was a resident of Pisa, Italy. Callisto, also known as Jupiter IV, is the outermost of the four large moons. It is a dark, heavily cratered body made up of rock and ice. And, it has remained substantially unaltered for the past 4 billion years. It does not have a core-mantle structure. Instead, it is raisin pudding-like, where rock and ice are well mixed.
1822:The First National Assembly at Epidaurus approves the layout of the Greek flag.
The National Assembly accepted the design of the current national flag of Greece on January 13, 1822. It was a delegation of the Greek revolutionaries at Epidaurus. One of the two chambers of the National Assembly was the Executive of 1822. The flag contains nine equal, horizontal stripes. They alternate between white and blue. There is a white cross on a blue squared field in the canton. The white color represents the purity of the independence struggle of Greece. The blue color represents the sea and the sky.
1908: Henri Farman becomes the first person to make the first-ever circular flight of more than 1 km.
Henri Farman was a French aviator and a former auto racer. He flew the Voisin-Farman I built-in 1907. On January 13, 1908, Henri Farman made the first-ever circular flight of more than 1 km(0.6 miles) along a predetermined closed course. He won the Grand Prix d’Aviation for the same. The prize was also known as Deutsch-Archdeacon Prize. Besides, he won a huge monetary prize of 50,000 francs for his efforts. Within a few weeks of his first flight, Henri Farman satisfied his competitive nature by establishing various aviation records.
1930: “Micky Mouse” comic strip first appears.
The first “Mickey Mouse” comic strip was first distributed on January 13, 1930. Incidentally, it followed a similar storyline to the first Mickey cartoon produced- Plane Crazy(1928). In the strip, Charles Lindbergh inspires Mickey Mouse to build an airplane. He drew the first 24 strips. Then, the inker Will Smith took over the responsibility. The strip appeared in over 40 newspapers across almost two dozen countries by the summers of 1930. It helped to lead Mickey’s golden age. Also, it established Mickey as the foundation and a universally recognized symbol of the Disney organization.
1957: “All that Fall”, the first radio play by Samuel Beckett, aired on BBC Third Program.
The one-act radio play, “All that Fall” by Samuel Beckett first aired on the BBC on January 13, 1957. Samuel Beckett produced it following a request from the company. He completed it in September 1956 and wrote it in English. The subject matter of the play was deeply personal to him. He got depressed while drafting it even though he wrote it quickly with a few redrafts. The producer of the play was Donald McWhinnie.
2000: Microsoft chairman Bill Gates stepped aside as the chief executive.
Bill Gates stepped down from the board of Microsoft Corporation. He co-founded the company in 1975 which became to be the largest software developing company. Furthermore, he did this to devote more time to philanthropy. He promoted company President Steve Ballmer to the position. Bill Gates told in a statement that he wanted to focus more on tackling climate change. Also, he wanted to work on global health and education. He had switched to devoting his time more to the Melinda and Gates Foundation.
2007: Two-thirds of Venus’ southern hemisphere suddenly illuminated.
On January 13, 2007, under the watch of Venus Express’s instruments, two-thirds of Venus’s southern hemisphere suddenly brightened. It was as if something had activated the aerosols to form at a frenetic rate. This peculiarity disappeared promptly a few days later after the aerosols had coagulated and haze cleared up. Yet, no one knows what triggered this incredible transformation. Venus Express had also observed an ‘airglow’. It was due to the molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere.