Each date has its unique history. These events can relate to some creative discoveries, selection of various people for some distinct posts, and so on. 28 February is also the date which holds broad history in it. So, in this article, we will share some important information about the history of 28 February with you. From the history of Egypt’s independence to the launching of the 65th manned space shuttle mission, we will cover everything.
1759- Pope Clement XIII allows the Bible to translate into the vernacular languages
Pope Clement XIII was the famous Bishop of the Catholic Church, who was born on 7 March 1693. He serves for the position of Pope from 16 July 1758 to 2 February 1769. Pope Clement XIII came in the position of Bishop of Padua in 1743. He also got an episcopal consecration in Rome by Pope Benedict XIV. On 28 February 1759, he allows the translation of the Bible into the vernacular languages of the world.
1850- The University of Utah established in Salt Lake City
The University of Utah is a public educational institution, established on 28 February 1850. This university has so many research opportunities in the academic program. The University of Utah is a large institution with an enrollment of more than 18,500 students. University facilitates majors in many subjects, for example, communications, psychology, and economics.
1922- Egypt becomes an independent country
The rule of the British Empire in Africa was so large. Egypt became the protectorate of Britain on 14 December 1914. This brought an end to the situation when the British government announces the declaration of Egyptian independence on 28 February 1922. After the short span, Sultan Fuad I announced himself as the king of Egypt. Despite independence, British influence was too strong in Egypt. To make their influence strong, the British control the Suez Canal with the help of France. This action of Britain forced Egyptians to think that the Suez Canal belongs to their country. So, the nationalist leader of Egypt decides to take control of the Canal from the British Empire. Surely, this was the sign of Egyptian power.
1933- Frances Perkins: the female in the U.S. cabinet
Frances Perkins was the secretary (U.S.) of labor who serves for 12 years (1933- 1945). She was in the post secretary under the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt. With her appointment, she made history by becoming the first woman appointed in the U.S. cabinet. Along with it, she was the long-serving secretory among the appointees of Roosevelt’s cabinet for 12 years. Earlier than secretory, she was the first female to join the New York State industrial commission. She joined this commission in 1918. She played an important part in the result of labor rising in her serving period.
1935- Invention of Nylon
Nylon is a family of synthetic polymers which consists of poly-amides. Significantly, Nylon has been used in fabric, electrical equipment, and also in food packaging. This research project on nylon starts in 1927. The first type of Nylon i.e. nylon 6,6 was made on 28 February 1935 by using di-amines. The developer of Nylon 6,6 was Wallace Hume Carothers. Nylon was first commercially used in bristled toothbrushes in 1938.
1953- Discovery of double helix structure of DNA
On 28 February 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick discover the double helix and twisted ladder-type structure of DNA. This discovery is the most important landmark in the history of science. Consequently, this discovery gives rise to the knowledge of modern molecular biology. Generally, molecular biology deals with the understanding of how genes control the chemical process of cells. DNA was first identified by Swiss chemist Friedrich Miescher in the late 1860s. Both researchers (James Watson and Francis Crick) published their research conclusion on one page. That page of their research finding was published with the title “A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid”. For this important discovery of DNA structure, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins jointly received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. James Watson receives the Othmer Gold Medal in 2005 from the Chemical Heritage Foundation.
1990- U.S. 65th manned space mission STS 36 launched into orbit
STS- 36 was a NASA Space Shuttle Mission that was launched on 28 February 1990. In this mission, Space Atlantis carried a payload for the U.S. Department of Defense into orbit. This was the 65th manned space mission for Atlantis. The launching site of the Space mission was Kennedy Space Center of Florida and it landed on 4 March. At first, it’s the date of launching was on 22 February, but due to the illness of a crew member, it shifted to 25th. It again shifts to the date 28 February, because of the weather condition. This was the first mission after Apollo 13 (1970) which shifts its launch date due to the illness of a crew member. The crew members of the mission were John O. Creighton, John H. Casper. Pierre J. Thuot, Richard M. Mullane, and David C. Hilmers.