As H.G. Wells had rightly said, “History is the race between education and catastrophe.” Certainly, February 3 is one such day in the history of mankind that has witnessed numerous events. These events were very diverse. However, all of them greatly impacted the human race. Let us have a look to understand the significance of the events.
1870- Fifteenth Amendment in the US Constitution
On February 3 1870, US legislation took place. It sanctioned the fifteenth amendment in the Constitution. This amendment eliminated discriminatory practices based on race. It granted citizens the right to vote irrespective of their “race, color or previous condition of servitude.” Hence, this amendment acknowledged the voting rights of African-American men. The fifteenth amendment passed concerning the fourteenth one that abolished slavery. This was an important historical step to prohibit discrimination. It also helped to ensure a more egalitarian society.
1894-Launch of Dirigo, the first American Steel Ship
Major progress took place in the locomotive industry with the creation of Dirigo. It was the first steel ship in America. Dirigo was a ship with four masts. The construction took place using imported plates of steel. Its launch happened from Bath in Maine. Thus, before the 1900s, Bath had developed to be a major shipbuilding center. It also transformed wooden ships into steel ones. Bath Ironworks built commercial vessels as well as ships for the US Navy.
1960- La Dolce Vita had its first premiere
La Dolce Vita (Italian for “the sweet life”) first premiered on February 3, 1960. Italian director Federico Fellini left a major mark in the cinema industry through the versatility of his creation. Thus La Dolce Vita, a comedy-drama was both a commercial and critical success. The movie is often regarded as one of the most important films in the history of cinema. It won an Oscar for Best Costume as well as Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film festival (1960).
1995- Eileen Collins became the first female astronaut to pilot a space shuttle
Astronaut Eileen Collins was the first woman to pilot a space shuttle and later to command it. From the age of nineteen, she began to save money and take flying lessons. In the year 1979, she went on to become the first female instructor in the Air Force. By 1995, she also became the pilot of the space shuttle “Discovery”. It was for a mission to “Mir”, a Russian Space Station. In May 1997, she piloted the second space shuttle.
2005- Alberto R. Gonzales became the first Hispanic Attorney General of the USA
Alberto R. Gonzales, an American lawyer, served as the Attorney General in February 1995. George W. Bush appointed him. He became the first and the highest-ranking Hispanic to serve in the executive body in the USA to date. Gonzales was the son of a Mexican migrant worker. Before his election in the White House Counsel, he served as the Secretary of the state of Texas. However, his tenure as the attorney general was marked with controversy. He later resigned in September 2007.