Almost everyone has listened to some of the music forms in their life. Some of you have heard of folk music. While some of you have heard that noisy hip-hop and disco songs. However, do you know about the music form which involves story and people plays role in that? Yes, we are talking about opera, you know Romeo and Juliet, which is still relevant in today’s world. This properly different form mesmerizes its audience so much. Therefore, the more you can understand and know something, the more you can enjoy it. Opera has a rich and incredible history throughout the years and is continuing to grow today. Therefore, in this article, we will talk about everything about Opera- from its history and forms everything.
Opera in the form of a dramatic story told through song. By many artists, it is the most complete art form, which combines every element of art, words, music, story, and dance. The name for the earliest Italian Operas was “favola in musica” and “drama per musica” which means drama with the music as a medium. The last one is most similar to the dictionary definition of Opera, and also is the correct one.
The way of conveying the story in the form of music is the most unique thing of opera. Basically, it is based on the concept that by music it is easier to communicate people’s reactions rather than with words or in pictographic form. Opera includes every kind of drama or story to make it more interesting with the help of music. Many of the famous stories have been taken in the form of opera, such as Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel, and Romeo and Juliet.
Origination of opera
The concept of opera has been developed many years before the first-ever opera was written. Its origin starts with the ancient Greeks. In the starting, the mixed poetry and music creates plays that have a song, language, and dance along with instruments. In the 1100s, the early Christian church made music from religious stories, which is a style with the name liturgical drama. The first-ever true opera was Daphne, whose composer was Jacopo Peri. It is the story of a Greek myth. Claudio Monteverdi is the first great composer of opera. Some of his works are still relevant today.
How it is different around the world?
Italy was the first where its composition got so much popularity. Mainly, it was the homeland of both composers, Jacopo and Monteverdi. Moreover, with time, this art form spread to rest of the Europe, and then France and Germany join Italy as its principal producers. With its increasing production, it starts to reflect the stories and musical traditions of its origin countries. Italian opera was based on the singer and sounds of the human voice. This effect was also seen in the work of Verdi and Puccini. While French tend to show the pictorial side of the drama, and this includes the visual spectacle, like dancing. However, German tries to extract something interesting from both the Italian and French styles. One of the best German composers, Richard Wagner works on legends or mythologies as its plot that he can transfer ideas and story to.
Different styles of opera
This is an Italian phrase that means “beautiful singing”. This type of style grew with the form of singing that involves long phrases, breath control. Also, flexibility in singing in both of the ways i.e. loudly and softly. In this style, voice is the foremost expressive element, whereas words are taken as secondary. Gaetano Donizetti composes most of his compositions in this style.
Italian opera has another popular form, that is its comic form, which always has been sung in Italian. The characters of the jokesters in this form are always played by the working class, like maids, peasants. Gioachino Rossini has most of the compositions in this style.
This is another kind which is all the seriousness. Most of its stories are tragic and generally include heroes or kings or ancient gods too. Handel composes some of his works in this style. However, The Magic Flute by Mozart is the best example of this style.
Probably the spectacular one. Its performance includes elaborate sets and costumes. This kind of style consists of royal scenes, heroism, and so on. Composer Giacomo Meyerbeer has his compositions in this style.
This is the only style that a single artist creates, like who writes both the story part and also the music to make drama interesting. This style mixes many art forms and they all are important in it. Composer Richard Wagner truly defines this style in his compositions.
So, this was some information about opera. Most of you have read those books but never heard their interesting music forms which will rewind every part of the story to you. The opera of contemporary times include the emergence of historical events. Today composers like Gershwin, Carlisle Floyd start to perform English operas with popular music styles. So, for what you have to wait, get yourself ready to watch dramas mixed up with popular music styles.